无法获得'导轨新的'工作

我是一位渴望获得Ruby on Rails(OSX 10.7)的n00b。但首先我需要安装它。现在我已经花了9个小时试图让它起作用,但是当我尝试创建一个新项目时,它总是失败:

$ rails new /Users/tom/Documents/14-Utveckling/WhichTerminal 
   exist  
identical  README.rdoc
identical  Rakefile
identical  config.ru
identical  .gitignore
 conflict  Gemfile
Overwrite /Users/tom/Documents/14-Utveckling/WhichTerminal/Gemfile? (enter "h" for help) [Ynaqdh] Y
   force  Gemfile
   exist  app
identical  app/assets/images/rails.png
identical  app/assets/javascripts/application.js
identical  app/assets/stylesheets/application.css
identical  app/controllers/application_controller.rb
identical  app/helpers/application_helper.rb
    exist  app/mailers
    exist  app/models
identical  app/views/layouts/application.html.erb
identical  app/mailers/.gitkeep
identical  app/models/.gitkeep
    exist  config
 identical  config/routes.rb
identical  config/application.rb
identical  config/environment.rb
   exist  config/environments
identical  config/environments/development.rb
identical  config/environments/production.rb
identical  config/environments/test.rb
    exist  config/initializers
identical  config/initializers/backtrace_silencers.rb
identical  config/initializers/inflections.rb
identical  config/initializers/mime_types.rb
 conflict  config/initializers/secret_token.rb
Overwrite /Users/tom/Documents/14-  Utveckling/WhichTerminal/config/initializers/secret_token.rb? (enter "h" for help) [Ynaqdh] Y
    force  config/initializers/secret_token.rb
 conflict  config/initializers/session_store.rb
Overwrite /Users/tom/Documents/14-Utveckling/WhichTerminal/config/initializers/session_store.rb? (enter "h" for help) [Ynaqdh] Y
    force  config/initializers/session_store.rb
 conflict  config/initializers/wrap_parameters.rb
 Overwrite /Users/tom/Documents/14-Utveckling/WhichTerminal/config/initializers/wrap_parameters.rb? (enter "h" for help) [Ynaqdh] Y
    force  config/initializers/wrap_parameters.rb
    exist  config/locales
identical  config/locales/en.yml
identical  config/boot.rb
identical  config/database.yml
    exist  db
 conflict  db/seeds.rb
Overwrite /Users/tom/Documents/14-Utveckling/WhichTerminal/db/seeds.rb? (enter "h" for help) [Ynaqdh] Y
   force  db/seeds.rb
   exist  doc
identical  doc/README_FOR_APP
    exist  lib
    exist  lib/tasks
identical  lib/tasks/.gitkeep
    exist  lib/assets
identical  lib/assets/.gitkeep
    exist  log
identical  log/.gitkeep
    exist  public
identical  public/404.html
identical  public/422.html
identical  public/500.html
identical  public/favicon.ico
identical  public/index.html
identical  public/robots.txt
    exist  script
identical  script/rails
    exist  test/fixtures
identical  test/fixtures/.gitkeep
    exist  test/functional
identical  test/functional/.gitkeep
    exist  test/integration
identical  test/integration/.gitkeep
    exist  test/unit
identical  test/unit/.gitkeep
identical  test/performance/browsing_test.rb
identical  test/test_helper.rb
    exist  tmp/cache
    exist  tmp/cache/assets
    exist  vendor/assets/javascripts
identical  vendor/assets/javascripts/.gitkeep
    exist  vendor/assets/stylesheets
identical  vendor/assets/stylesheets/.gitkeep
    exist  vendor/plugins
identical  vendor/plugins/.gitkeep
      run  bundle install
Enter your password to install the bundled RubyGems to your system: 
Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.........

NoMethodError: private method `open' called for Gem::Package:Class
An error occured while installing rake (0.9.2.2), and Bundler cannot continue.
Make sure that `gem install rake -v '0.9.2.2'` succeeds before bundling.

我的理论:

我怀疑这是正在搞砸的https访问。 一些说这是openssl的一些问题。

$ openssl version
OpenSSL 0.9.8r 8 Feb 2011

显然,最好的答案是'OpenSSL 1.0.1',但我不知道如何在全球范围内更新Openssl。忽略这个我做了重新安装红宝石做以下几点:

$ rvm remove 1.9.3
$ brew install openssl
$ rvm install 1.9.3 --with-openssl-dir=`brew --prefix openssl`

我不知道brew是干什么的,但它似乎安装openssl并将它放在某处的目录中。无论如何。无论我做什么,我总会遇到同样的错误:

Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/.........
NoMethodError: private method `open' called for Gem::Package:Class
An error occured while installing rake (0.9.2.2), and Bundler cannot continue.

我重新安装了整个chabang。同样的结果。 这里是日志:

删除rvm

$ rvm implode
[...]
rvm has been fully removed. Note you may need to manually remove /etc/rvmrc and ~/.rvmrc if they exist still.
$ gem uninstall rvm
$ which ruby
/usr/bin/ruby

安装RVM

$ curl -L get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100  9248  100  9248    0     0   2403      0  0:00:03  0:00:03 --:--:-- 27939
Downloading RVM from wayneeseguin branch stable
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100 1023k  100 1023k    0     0  85026      0  0:00:12  0:00:12 --:--:-- 94532

安装RVM to /Users/tom/.rvm/
    RVM PATH line found in /Users/tom/.bashrc /Users/tom/.zshrc.
    RVM sourcing line found in /Users/tom/.bash_login /Users/tom/.zlogin.

# RVM:  Shell scripts enabling management of multiple ruby environments.
# RTFM: https://rvm.io/
# HELP: http://webchat.freenode.net/?channels=rvm (#rvm on irc.freenode.net)
# Cheatsheet: http://cheat.errtheblog.com/s/rvm/
# Screencast: http://screencasts.org/episodes/how-to-use-rvm

# In case of any issues read output of 'rvm requirements' and/or 'rvm notes'

Installation of RVM in /Users/tom/.rvm/ is almost complete:

  * To start using RVM you need to run `source /Users/tom/.rvm/scripts/rvm`
    in all your open shell windows, in rare cases you need to reopen all shell windows.

# Tom Eriksen,
#
#   Thank you for using RVM!
#   I sincerely hope that RVM helps to make your life easier and more enjoyable!!!
#
# ~Wayne


rvm 1.13.8 (stable) by Wayne E. Seguin , Michal Papis  [https://rvm.io/]

插入Ruby 1.9.3(使用openssl 1.0.1)

$ rvm install 1.9.3 --with-openssl-dir=`brew --prefix openssl`
Fetching yaml-0.1.4.tar.gz to /Users/tom/.rvm/archives
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100  460k  100  460k    0     0  65747      0  0:00:07  0:00:07 --:--:--  116k
Extracting yaml-0.1.4.tar.gz to /Users/tom/.rvm/src
Configuring yaml in /Users/tom/.rvm/src/yaml-0.1.4.
Compiling yaml in /Users/tom/.rvm/src/yaml-0.1.4.
Installing yaml to /Users/tom/.rvm/usr
Installing ruby from source to: /Users/tom/.rvm/rubies/ruby-1.9.3-p194, this may take a while depending on your cpu(s)...

ruby-1.9.3-p194 - #fetching 
ruby-1.9.3-p194 - #downloading ruby-1.9.3-p194, this may take a while depending on your connection...
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100 9610k  100 9610k    0     0   193k      0  0:00:49  0:00:49 --:--:--  212k
ruby-1.9.3-p194 - #extracting ruby-1.9.3-p194 to /Users/tom/.rvm/src/ruby-1.9.3-p194
ruby-1.9.3-p194 - #extracted to /Users/tom/.rvm/src/ruby-1.9.3-p194
ruby-1.9.3-p194 - #configuring 
ruby-1.9.3-p194 - #compiling 
ruby-1.9.3-p194 - #installing 
Retrieving rubygems-1.8.24
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100  371k  100  371k    0     0   355k      0  0:00:01  0:00:01 --:--:--  446k
Extracting rubygems-1.8.24 ...
Removing old Rubygems files...
Installing rubygems-1.8.24 for ruby-1.9.3-p194 ...
Installation of rubygems completed successfully.
ruby-1.9.3-p194 - adjusting #shebangs for (gem irb erb ri rdoc testrb rake).
ruby-1.9.3-p194 - #importing default gemsets (/Users/tom/.rvm/gemsets/)
Install of ruby-1.9.3-p194 - #complete 
$ which ruby
/Users/tom/.rvm/rubies/ruby-1.9.3-p194/bin/ruby
$ which gem
/Users/tom/.rvm/rubies/ruby-1.9.3-p194/bin/gem
$ which rails
/usr/bin/rails

安装RubyGems以防万一。 通过GIT下载RubyGems我移到目录并运行安装程序。

$ cd /Users/tom/Library/Developer/rubygems 
Toms-dator-2:rubygems tom$ ruby setup.rb 
RubyGems 2.0.a installed



------------------------------------------------------------------------------

RubyGems installed the following executables:
    /Users/tom/.rvm/rubies/ruby-1.9.3-p194/bin/gem

rubygems$ gem update --system
Latest version currently installed. Aborting.

安装json(如果我没有的话,会报怨)

rubygems$ gem install json
Fetching: json-1.7.3.gem (100%)
Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
Successfully installed json-1.7.3
Installing ri documentation for json-1.7.3
Installing darkfish documentation for json-1.7.3
1 gem installed

Rubygems$ which gem
/Users/tom/.rvm/rubies/ruby-1.9.3-p194/bin/gem

安装导轨

Rubygems$ gem install rails
Fetching: i18n-0.6.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed i18n-0.6.0
Fetching: multi_json-1.3.5.gem (100%)
Successfully installed multi_json-1.3.5
Fetching: activesupport-3.2.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed activesupport-3.2.3
Fetching: builder-3.0.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed builder-3.0.0
Fetching: activemodel-3.2.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed activemodel-3.2.3
Fetching: rack-1.4.1.gem (100%)
Successfully installed rack-1.4.1
Fetching: rack-cache-1.2.gem (100%)
Successfully installed rack-cache-1.2
Fetching: rack-test-0.6.1.gem (100%)
Successfully installed rack-test-0.6.1
Fetching: journey-1.0.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed journey-1.0.3
Fetching: hike-1.2.1.gem (100%)
Successfully installed hike-1.2.1
Fetching: tilt-1.3.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed tilt-1.3.3
Fetching: sprockets-2.1.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed sprockets-2.1.3
Fetching: erubis-2.7.0.gem (100%)
Successfully installed erubis-2.7.0
Fetching: actionpack-3.2.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed actionpack-3.2.3
Fetching: arel-3.0.2.gem (100%)
Successfully installed arel-3.0.2
Fetching: tzinfo-0.3.33.gem (100%)
Successfully installed tzinfo-0.3.33
Fetching: activerecord-3.2.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed activerecord-3.2.3
Fetching: activeresource-3.2.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed activeresource-3.2.3
Fetching: mime-types-1.18.gem (100%)
Successfully installed mime-types-1.18
Fetching: polyglot-0.3.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed polyglot-0.3.3
Fetching: treetop-1.4.10.gem (100%)
Successfully installed treetop-1.4.10
Fetching: mail-2.4.4.gem (100%)
Successfully installed mail-2.4.4
Fetching: actionmailer-3.2.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed actionmailer-3.2.3
Fetching: thor-0.14.6.gem (100%)
Successfully installed thor-0.14.6
Fetching: rack-ssl-1.3.2.gem (100%)
Successfully installed rack-ssl-1.3.2
Fetching: rdoc-3.12.gem (100%)
Depending on your version of ruby, you may need to install ruby rdoc/ri data:

<= 1.8.6 : unsupported
 = 1.8.7 : gem install rdoc-data; rdoc-data --install
 = 1.9.1 : gem install rdoc-data; rdoc-data --install
>= 1.9.2 : nothing to do! Yay!
Successfully installed rdoc-3.12
Fetching: railties-3.2.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed railties-3.2.3
Fetching: rails-3.2.3.gem (100%)
Successfully installed rails-3.2.3
Installing ri documentation for i18n-0.6.0
Installing darkfish documentation for i18n-0.6.0
Installing ri documentation for multi_json-1.3.5
Installing darkfish documentation for multi_json-1.3.5
Installing ri documentation for activesupport-3.2.3
Installing darkfish documentation for activesupport-3.2.3
unable to convert "\xF1" from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 for README, skipping
unable to convert "\xF1" from ASCII-8BIT to UTF-8 for README.rdoc, skipping
unable to
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额外 编辑
意见: 1

5 答案

本指南原来的工作:

http:// tecparatodos。 COM/2011/07/24 /安装-的R​​uby-on-Rails的上-MAC-OS-X狮/

我认为我的问题是XCode设置不正确。按照这个指南,一切都会好起来的。

0
额外

我会在这里尝试两件事。

首先,确保Rails命令从正确的位置运行:这听起来可能是因为您没有使用正确版本的Rails。 which rails 应该告诉你这个文件来源于你的RVM安装:如果不是,你需要确保你的 rvm使用1.9.3 ,然后尝试再次输入 gem install rails

其次,因为这个错误听起来类似于旧版gem中发生的错误,所以我会尝试更新您的gem二进制文件。首先,就像在Rails中一样,输入 which gem 来确保您使用的是RVM gem,而不是系统gem。然后,在再次捆绑安装之前,请执行 gem update --system

0
额外
感谢天才。我不知道如何,但是果然我在ruby/gem/rails上运行了1.9.2。不知道为什么它切换。也许在运行rvm remove命令时。
额外 作者 TOMvonMOM,
可悲的是,它的结果与之前一样。要尝试像你说的那样更新宝石。
额外 作者 TOMvonMOM,
$ gem update --system \ n 当前安装的最新版本。中止。</代码>
额外 作者 TOMvonMOM,

我有同样的问题,因为它证明我需要更新捆绑器。

gem install bundler

0
额外

我遇到了同样的问题,我通过更新Homebrew解决了这个问题

brew update

并通过更新首选项面板的Xcode下载选项卡中的命令行工具。

希望它能帮助那些仍在寻找答案的人。

0
额外

老问题,但我今天遇到这个问题。大锤法:

sudo su
rails new my_proj
rm -rf my_proj
exit
rails new my_proj

root权限的增加允许所有的bundle安装而不会抛出错误。然后,您删除该项目并返回到普通的priv用户并重新创建该项目。通过root用户安装的所有软件包,'new'命令运行成功。

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额外